Nearly 140 years back, Thomas Edison invented a power pen to accelerate the whole process of creating duplicate copies of content. Little did he understand that within 10 years, someone would learn how to convert his electric pens, called Stencil-Pens, into Tattoo Equipment. That someone was Sam O’Reilly, who developed the 1st ink tube and needle system to be used with Edison’s rotary-powered electric pens in 1851. Just 20 days after O’Reilly filed his tattoo ink reservoir patent, a gentleman named Thomas Riley patented the 1st single-coil tattoo machine throughout the pond in London, England. Immediately after, fellow Londoner Alfred Charles South created the first double-coil tattoo machine. The minds laid forth by these founding fathers of recent tattooing have been steadily improved upon ever since.
The tattoo machine has evolved by leaps and bounds since O’Reilly, Riley and South invented the first three iterations in the rotary and coil tattoo machines. Coil tattoo machines are not any longer so heavy that they need to be suspended from the ceiling to become operable, like South’s first double-coil tattoo machine was. Rotary tattoo machines are even more advanced and represent a number of the quietest, gentlest tattoo machines now available. Let’s have a look at what makes these 2 kinds of modern-day tattoo machines tick.
How Rotary Tattoo Machines WorkRotary and coil tattoo machines function in two alternative methods to get the same goal of inserting ink below the surface of the skin (i.e. epidermis) and depositing it to the secondary layer of skin, referred to as dermis. Over a rotary tattoo machine, the needle bar is linked to a nub along with a cylindrical motor that spins clockwise, moving the needle bar back and forth in a linear fashion because the motor rotates (see image to right). That motion inserts tattoo needles into the skin and retracts them smoothly, in some constant, fluid motions. Coil tattoo machines work quite differently, in an infinitely more complicated fashion. They utilize electromagnetic current to create and break a circuit in a cyclical fashion, moving the needles connected to the machine forward in to the skin if the circuit is produced and retracting them when the circuit breaks.
When power is shipped to a coil tattoo machine, both coils are charged and converted into an electromagnet (see image below). The electromagnet developed by the coils pulls the machine’s armature bar down for the coils, which subsequently forces the attached tattoo needles down and in the skin. The downward motion in the armature bar pulls the front spring down along with it and results in the spring to disconnect through the contact screw above it which a second before had completed a circuit. How Coil Tattoo Machines WorkThat burglary the circuit causes the electromagnetic field to collapse momentarily, releasing the armature bar from the coils. The spring connected to the armature bar would like to move back to its natural position, and yes it pulls the armature bar with it. When the front spring reconnects using the contact screw, the circuit and electromagnetic field are re-established. That starts this process all over again, pulling the armature bar down again, forcing the attached needles in the skin, pulling the front spring away from the contact screw, and breaking the circuit once more.
How a coil machine is powered produces a hammer-like effect that drives tattoo needles in to the skin more forcefully than they’d be moved by way of a rotary motor. There’s constant power delivered to a rotary motor that keeps it transferring a fluid, clockwise pattern, pushing needles into the skin and pulling them back out more smoothly. Rotary tattoo machines therefore are generally gentler on the epidermis, and tattoos designed with rotary tattoo machines often heal faster with less scarring–particularly when inked by novice tattoo artists. That said, if you value the buzz of tattoo machines that’s traditionally linked to tattoo shops, a coil tattoo machine will be the option for you–especially if you’re a seasoned artist who can run a coil machine with finesse. Rotary machines can be really quiet in comparison, there are fewer moving parts involved, which implies they’re typically more low-maintenance than traditional coil machines.
So it will be easier for you to check coil and rotary tattoo machines side-by-side, we’ve provided the next chart detailing the overall positives and negatives artists have raised about each kind of machine. Take note that the artistic experience, the caliber of the machine you select, plus your knowledge of the two primary varieties of tattoo machines will all impact the individual benefits and drawbacks you have using a rotary tattoo machine versus a coil tattoo machine. These are just some of the overall factors you should think of before deciding what sort of machine to purchase.
Once you’ve decided you want either a coil or even a rotary tattoo machine, it’s a chance to take a closer look with the tattoo machine brands and models accessible to you. The following list contains some of the top options offered on PainfulPleasures.com. To get a comprehensive list of the tattoo machines accessible to you, check out our Tattoo Machines section. You can even read our full Coil vs. Rotary Tattoo Machines article for more in-depth specifics about the brands further down, rotary and coil tattoo machine diagrams, and extra information about the differences between these 2 types of tattoo machines.
Baltimore Street Irons Tattoo MachinesBaltimore Street Irons Coil Tattoo Machines – This Pennsylvania-based tattoo machine company was established by Charles “Trey” Freeland in 2007, but Trey’s been making tattoo machines since 1996 and he continues to have a dynamic role in all of the aspects of his business. Every Baltimore Street Irons coil tattoo machine is crafted with great skill and dedication. All of the machine parts and tattoo machines they manufacture are thoroughly tested are available tuned so they’re ready to use right out from the box.Bishop Rotary Tattoo Machines
Bishop Rotary Tattoo Machines – These 4 oz. rotary tattoo machines are extremely perfectly balanced that they can feel practically weightless with you. They alleviate wrist pain and symptoms of carpel tunnel syndrome, and enable artists to function faster and longer. Each Bishop Rotary machine includes a Swiss Maxon motor encased in billet aircraft-grade aluminum. This machine utilizes a needle clip rather than the traditional rubber band setup, eliminating unwanted needle motion. Each tattoo needle cartridge is hand-assembled and guaranteed for a lifetime.
Borg Tattoo Machines Borg Coil Tattoo Machines – These traditional coil tattoo machines are handmade carefully in the united states. Borg tattoo machines are known for their lightweight, single-piece aluminum frames, which can make these machines light overall and incredibly well-balanced. Each part of every machine is hand-crafted in Borg’s workshops, using their 8 wrap coils to their silver contact screws. Both Borg liners and shaders weigh in at only 5.5 oz. each, which makes them very easy to maneuver when you tattoo.
Cheyenne Hawk Rotary Tattoo Machines – The Cheyenne Hawk Thunder and Spirit are two of the lightest tattoo machines in the marketplace, weighing in at roughly 3.9 oz. (110g) each with their grips attached. Cheyenne Hawk tattoo machines provide all the advantages of rotary machines without having to sacrifice the feedback response built into coil tattoo machines, in addition to their fine craftsmanship gives artists the highest measure of control. They’re lightweight and versatile, and they also have long-life ball-bearing motors. You should use these dynamic rotary machines with nearly any conventional power supply.
CTPS Saveria Tattoo MachinesCTPS Saveria Coil & Rotary Tattoo Machines – Top South American tattoo machine manufacturer CTPS Saveria has become hand-crafting exquisite coil and rotary tattoo machines in Argentina for more than 37 years. Each machine they produce is carefully hand-assembled over an 8-hour period. Their machines run strong even at low voltages and can be used immediately out of the box. CTPS Saveria offers several rotary tattoo machine options and 5 types of coil tattoo machines which include various liners, shaders and painters.Precision Tattoo Machines by CTPS Saveria
CTPS also manufactures Precision coil tattoo machines, they will make excusively for Painful Pleasures. The Precision brand encompasses lines of medical, piercing and tattoo supplies of the very best quality which can be sold for some of the best prices you’ll find online, and our coil tattoo machines are no exception.
Dead Nuts Ink Coil Tattoo Machines – This California-based company employs a team of machining and engineering veterans to hand craft their fine coil tattoo machines from raw materials. Dead Nuts Ink Tattoo MachinesThey make all of their own hardware in-house and can customize some of their tattoo machines to satisfy specific artists’ needs. Each Dead Nuts Ink tattoo machine is crafted from one-piece Cast Ductile Iron frame that’s finished in-house, hand-signed, numbered, perfectly tuned for immediate out-of-the-box use, and sent having a lifetime warranty.
Dragonfly Tattoo Machines by Ink MachinesDragonfly Rotary Tattoo Machines by Ink Machines – This Swedish tattoo machine manufacturer uses its top-notch facility and broad industry knowledge to create unique rotary tattoo machines at highly-huge discounts. Their Dragonfly rotary tattoo machine is an ergonomic, state-of-the-art machine made from the best-quality materials available. It’s a lightweight, quiet machine with an adjustable suspension system that allows artists to simply adjust needle hitting force, and it arrives with a needle bar retainer. Make use of the Dragonfly tattoo machine with any standard grips, tubes, needles, and tattoo power supply.
Ego Apex Overkill & Little Ego Tattoo MachinesEgo Rotary Tattoo Machines – World-renowned tattoo artist Bez of Triplesix Studios developed the tiny Ego and Ego Apex Overkill using a wrist-friendly design that shifts each of the weight toward give Ego tattoo machines a virtually pen-like feel and artists maximum needle control. The Small Ego is made of quality, scratch-free plastics and it has a special UV coating which makes it very easy to clean. The newer Ego Apex Overkill is crafted from an excellent block of aircraft aluminum that weighs under half a pound, and it comes with a Swiss-made Maxon Overkill motor. Use Bez’s power triangles by using these rotary machines to simulate the spring effect of coil tattoo machines and obtain an ideal give and throw whenever you tattoo.
FK Irons Coil Tattoo Machines – All Fallen King Irons (FK Irons) AL13 coil tattoo machines are carefully-constructed from the most difficult aircraft-grade aluminum available, causing them to be extremely lightweight whilst indestructible. FK Irons conventional and cutback lining and shading coil tattoo machines all weigh in only 4.5 oz. (~127.6g) each. The cutback liners and shaders possess a shorter front spring, so they run faster regardless if used on the same voltage as being the conventional liners and shaders. The lighter armature bar on FK Irons soft shaders enables them to run faster plus more softly than their color packers.
Godoy Tattoo MachinesGodoy Machines Coil Tattoo Machines – Godoy Machines specializes in innovation through experimentation. They attempt to educate tattoo artists of all the levels of skill and offer by far the most up-to-date tattooing information available through their seminars and books like Tattoo Machines as well as their Secrets. Godoy believes that you’ll be much better equipped to utilize any tattoo after you understand fully the way your tattoo machine functions, the basis behind their educational endeavors. Take advantage of the solid functionality of the Godoy coil tattoo machine and learn how it works inside and out with Godoy Machines’ book, which comes in both English and Spanish and in a variety of formats.
InkJecta Rotary Tattoo Machines – The InkJecta Flite v2.1 is made in Australia for tattoo artists, by tattoo artists. These lightweight, long-lasting rotary tattoo machines have a long-grain “fiber” construction, and so they assist artists in creating superior tattoos. The InkJecta Flite v2.1 Combo and Vice models include brushless 5 watt Maxon motors that make these appliances unique; they’re really the only rotary machines out there that have the capacity to run at lower speeds without having to sacrifice power or the quality of work. Make use of the Combo model with adjustable grips and the Vice model with flex and fixed grips.
Pirat Tattoo MachinesPirat Coil Tattoo Machines – Pirat tattoo machines are handmade in the Czech Republic from durable iron and aluminum. These are typically precise, lightweight, smooth-running coil tattoo machines that are offered both in liner and shader varieties. Pirat offers their coil tattoo machines in 16 standardized models plus a special series of “one-piece only” machines. Additionally they intend to release a fresh rotary tattoo machine later this current year.Skin 2 Rotary Tattoo Machines
Skin 2 Rotary Tattoo Machines – The Skin 2 rotary tattoo machine features a unique adjustable give that allows you to set the machine “harder” for lining and “softer” for filling, shading and coloring making use of the adjustment notches on the cap. These lightweight, silent machines from Italy also produce minimal vibrations. Each Skin 2 tattoo machine comes with a Swiss-made motor as well as a needle clip instead of rubber bands, weighs about just 3.2 oz. (90g), and may support up to 55 magnum needles. This can be a fast, high-quality rotary tattoo machine that can help you ink a superior tattoo each and every time you make use of it.
Spektra Rotary Tattoo Machines by FK IronsSpektra Rotary Tattoo Machines by FK Irons – In addition to their coil machines, FK Irons even offers a brand of rotary tattoo machines. Select from the Spektra Halo and Spektra Direkt rotary tattoo machines, which each offer unique advantages. The Spektra Halo tattoo machine delivers ultimate performance featuring its autoclavable body and innovative MotorBolt System. Having some different MotorBolts will give you the flexibility to modify stroke about the fly by simply changing motors using the Halo’s easy 1/4-turn mechanism. The Spektra Direkt tattoo machine has body-mounted strokes that stay in the machine body, as well as the casing is precision-machined from solid aircraft-grade aluminum that’s anodized in your choice of 7 different colors. This 2.8 oz. machine is not difficult to move and comes with an adjustable stroke module which includes 3 setting options. It’s a virtually maintenance-free tattoo machine having a Hex Drive motor system that decreases the axial load on the motor shaft to prolong the motor’s life and reduce vibrations.Stigma Rotary Tattoo Machines.
Stigma-Rotary Tattoo Machines – Stigma-Rotary tattoo machines are durable, ergonomic, and straightforward to advance rotary machines produced by a world-leading tattoo machine manufacturer. These sleek-looking machines have the best Swiss-made Maxon motors out there, and they’re finished with a lasting sheen that keeps them looking pristine despite many years of use. Stigma-Rotary tattoo machines are reliable, powerful and classy rotary machines that come with an 21dexjpky warranty. Choose from 4 styles, including the Amen, the Beast, the Hyper V3, and the Prodigy, together with a large selection of Stigma rotary machine parts which you can use to maintain your machine working efficiently.
Tatmatic Tattoo MachinesTatmatic Mfg. Coil Tattoo Machines – Tatmatic Manufacturing supplies a brand of coil tattoo machines produced by Dave Ritchie, who builds high-quality machines just for professional tattoo artists. The grade of his work shows in every single certainly one of Tatmatic’s hard-hitting, precise and classy coil tattoo machines. Both our Tatmatic liners and shaders include 6 wrap coils.
Valor Direct Rotary Tattoo Machines by TatSoul – After more than a couple of years in development, the Valor by TatSoul is finally here! These rotary tattoo machines were created by several of the finest tattoo artists in the business with impeccable craftsmanship and the goal of developing a rotary machine that outperforms other tattoo machines in every single way possible. The Valor Direct rotary tattoo machine includes a sleek yet practical body that conveys its power and sturdiness. Each Valor Direct machine is hand-assembled and tested by TatSoul’s in-house team to make certain perfection in fit and performance. These are strong, lightweight, tattoo needle cartridge that perform brilliantly.
Vital Tattoo MachinesVital Machines Coil Tattoo Machines – Vital Machines strives to the highest build quality in the industry, they’re continuously improving their machines, they don’t scrimp, and their staff is composed of machinists, designers, engineers, and tattoo artists with years of industry experience. With one of these standards in position, Vital Machines has created a collection of versatile coil tattoo machines which can be lightweight, agile, adjustable, powerful, durable, and able to work with all of you day, each day. Vital Machines are made in the usa from aircraft-grade aluminum, along with their easy-to-clean, professionally-anodized exteriors won’t chip or fade. Inside they include the highest grade of magnetic steel, insulators produced from durable aircraft composite that doesn’t crack or distort, highly-conductive brass and copper electrical components, and mechanical parts produced from tempered tool steel that won’t dent, bend or break.
Welker Coil & Rotary Tattoo Machines – Each precision Welker tattoo machine is CNC machined from one component of 1018 Cold-Rolled Steel in Welker’s state-of-the-art machine shop. Welker coil tattoo machines are offered with your choice of a blue “antique” or black oxide frame finish, both of which feature finished brass binding posts and make contact with screws. Welker Rotary Tattoo MachinesYou may use nearly any size and magnificence of tubes with one of these hand-tuned machines, which have unique Welker grips and so are guaranteed for a lifetime. Together with their coil machines, Welker also now offers both a regular rotary along with an adjustable rotary tattoo machine. The adjustable machine comes with a spring tension you could screw to adjust the hit for your preference, whereas the conventional rotary machine comes with a medium throw and the opportunity to adjust the hit off of the power source.